PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is a programming language designed specifically for the Oracle Database Management System. It is used to create and manage database objects such as procedures, functions, and triggers, as well as control database transactions and manipulate data.
The development environment for PL/SQL typically includes an integrated development environment (IDE) such as Oracle SQL Developer or TOAD, which allows developers to write, test, and debug PL/SQL code. These IDEs also provide a user-friendly interface for managing database connections and objects, as well as tools for performance tuning and query optimization.
Additionally, developers can also use command-line tools such as SQL*Plus to write and execute PL/SQL code, or use it as a scripting language.
Overall, PL/SQL development environment is a powerful tool for managing and manipulating data in an Oracle database, providing developers with a rich set of features and functionality to create robust and efficient database applications.
For Just a heads-up (we will learn more about it in further post’s)
A PL/SQL block is a group of related statements that perform a specific task. A PL/SQL block can include one or more declarations, executable statements, and exception handlers. The general syntax of a PL/SQL block is as follows:
Here is an example of a PL/SQL block that calculates the area of a circle:
In this example, the block starts with a declaration section where the radius of the circle is set to 5 and an area variable is defined to store the result. The block then calculates the area of the circle using the formula pi * radius * radius and prints the result using the DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE function.
It is important to note that you must have a CONSTANT pi NUMBER := 3.14; defined before the block in order to use it.
This is just a simple example, but PL/SQL blocks can be used to perform a wide variety of tasks, such as querying and manipulating data in a database, managing transactions, and creating complex business logic.